...
Animal Health

Successful Management of Multi Mycotoxins Concern

Mycotoxins are fungal metabolites that can reduce the performance and alter the metabolism of livestock and poultry. Mycotoxins can be produced by fungi especially those of the genus; Aspergillus, Penicillum and Fusarium. Mycotoxin contamination can occur in all agricultural commodities in the field and/or during storage.European Union has regulated five mycotoxins in animal feed which are aflatoxins (AFs), fumonisins (FBs), ochratoxins (OTs), deoxynivalenol (DON), and zearalenone (ZEN).Animals are mainly exposed to mycotoxins via ingestion of contaminated feed. This may result in reduced animal performance with negative health implications, leading to increased incidence of disesea, reduced production efficiency with associated huge economic loss to farmers. Dead may occur in cases of high acute mycotoxins intoxication.The combination of different Mycotoxins is more harmful to animals than a huge quantity of single Mycotoxin due to their synergistic action. The synergistic effects of different mycotoxins result in more severe toxicosis in animals. Multi mycotoxins are likely to arise for at least three different reasons; (i) most fungi are able to simultaneously produce a number of mycotoxins, (ii) commodities can be contaminated by several fungi, and (iii) completed feed is made from various commodities.

The risk of multiple mycotoxins’ synergistic effects can be reduced by good feed managing practice such as incorporating multi mycotoxin binder in animal diet. To help this cause, Zagro recently launched a useful multi mycotoxins binder, Zagrisorb. Zagrisorb is a combination of inorganic and organic binder suitable for binding a wide range of mycotoxins present in animal feeds. The inorganic binder comes from purified Hydrated Sodium Calcium aluminosilicates that can adsorb greater amount of positive charge mycotoxins such as aflatoxins as well as significant level of other mycotoxins. On the other hand, organic binder extracted from the yeast cell wall can also enhance more binding to other mycotoxins including Zearalenone, T2 toxins, Fumonisins and Vomitoxins as well as it can helps in improving animal performance and Gut health.

                                                                                    

ZAGRISORB WILL BE THE EXCELLENT LOCK AGAINST MULTI MYCOTOXINS

Mycotoxins

Species

Effect

Reference

 AFB1+OTA

 PIgs/ Broiler chickens

Synergistic

Hu et al., 1988a

 AFB1+T-2 toxin

 Broiler
chickens
Pigs

Synergistic

Hu et al., 1988b

Schwarzer, 2009


Citrinin+OTA

Chickens

Synergistic

Stoev et al., 2002

T-2 toxin+DON

Broilers

Synergistic

Rottinghaus,1989

AFB1+FB1

Growing barrows
Pigs

Synergistic

 Harvey et al.,1995
Liu et al., 2002

 OTA+DON

Weaned piglets

Synergistic

Speijers et al.,2004

 OTA+FB1

Weaned piglets

Piglets Synergistic

Creppy et al.,2004

 DON+ZON

Pigs

Synergistic

 Zielonka et al.,2009

 FB1+DON

Pigs

Synergistic

D’Melllo et al.,1999

 DAS+Aatoxins

Lambs

Synergistic

 D’Melllo et al.,1999

ZON+T-2 toxins

Dairy cows

Possible synergism

D’Melllo et al.,1999